Australia/Israel & Jewish Affairs Council

Norway Massacre

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Following on from Daniel's blog post about the tragic massacre in Norway where Anders Breivik killed 76 people, readers may be interested in some additional commentary and analysis on the attack beyond that in Australian media coverage.

In Dave Rich's blog post on the Community Security Trust website, he examines Breivik's 1,516 page "manifesto". Rich writes:

"The manifesto covers a huge amount of ground. Titled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, it is designed as a handbook for what Breivik believes will be a European civil war between the "cultural Marxists" who currently control Europe, and the "cultural conservatives" like himself who will overthrow them. This war, he believes, began in 1999 and will end in 2083."

While there has been much commentary on Breivik's support for Israel perhaps based on the false premise that Israel is at war with Muslims, Rich notes that his views on Jews were not positive. Breivik believes that wherever Jews live in large numbers they create problems for that country. Rich notes that Breivik wrote:

"There is no Jewish problem in Western Europe (with the exception of the UK and France) as we only have 1 million in Western Europe, whereas 800 000 out of these 1 million live in France and the UK. The US on the other hand, with more than 6 million Jews (600% more than Europe) actually has a considerable Jewish problem."

Breivik also divided Jews between loyal and disloyal Jews, he wrote:

"So, are the current Jews in Europe and US disloyal? The multiculturalist (nation-wrecking) Jews ARE while the conservative Jews ARE NOT. Aprox. 75% of European/US Jews support multiculturalism while aprox. 50% of Israeli Jews does the same. This shows very clearly that we must embrace the remaining loyal Jews as brothers rather than repeating the mistake of the NSDAP...Never target a Jew because he is a Jew, but rather because he is a category A or B traitor. And don't forget that the bulk of the category A and B traitors are Christian Europeans. 90% of the category A and B traitors in my own country, Norway, are Nordic, Christian category A and B traitors."

Rich notes that Breivik's views on Jews are antisemitic, he writes:

"It is striking that, even as someone who describes himself as 'pro-Israel', Breivik believes that half of all Israeli Jews are enemies who, presumably, must be killed, imprisoned or punished in some other way; as are three-quarters of European and American Jews. Classical antisemitism constructs an image of a typical Jew which bears no relation to reality, but is simply a cipher for all that the antisemite hates and fears. Breivik's categorisation of the different types of Jews (and Israel) fits this way of thinking perfectly."

Rich also examines other issues raised by the manifesto including Breivik's labeling of his ideology as "The Vienna School of Thought" which is a hybrid of several sub ideologies, and Breivik's contacts with the English Defence League. To read the blog click here.

Other article that may be of interest include:

Jonathan Kay wrote an article in the National Post noting that Breivik's manifesto is not original and that many parts of it were taken from the ‘Unabomber' Ted Kazynski and The Turner Diaries, a hack science fiction novel written 33 years ago by an American white supremacist William Luther Pierce. To read Key's article click here.

An article in the New York Times quotes Thomas Hegghammer, a terrorism specialist at the Norweigian Defence Research Establishment, notes the apparently deliberate similarities between Bevik's right wing extremism and Islamic extremism. He writes:

"the manifesto bears an eerie resemblance to those of Osama bin Laden and other Al Qaeda leaders, though from a Christian rather than Muslim point of view. Like Mr Breivik's manuscript, the major Qaeda declarations have detailed accounts of the Crusades, a pronounced sense of historical grievance and calls for apocalyptic warfare to defeat the religious and cultural enemy."

Alex Stern in the Forward criticises the way in which the Norway massacre has been used for political purposes to attack conservative theorists and Israel.

Stern argues that commentaries such as Max Blumenthal who suggest that right wing viewpoints such as those of Pam Geller, Robert Spencer or Daniel Pipes are somehow responsible for Beivik's terrorist act is "absurd". Stern writes:

"While it is true that Breivik clearly identifies with the ideas of a number of right wing thinkers, this does not mean that those thinkers are responsible for what happened in Oslo, anymore than Chomsky is responsible for 9/11." Stern also criticises those such as Larry Derfner who have tried to implicate Israel in the Norway crime, Defner wrote: "it's a good thing that Zionism's anti-Muslim Right is going to be badly discredited by this racist mass murderer, in fact it's a godsend...".

To read Stern's article click here.

Barry Rubin has also written a blog criticising an editorial in the New York Daily News, which minimises the threat of Islamic terrorism. The editorial stated: "Those who see ‘Muslim domination' and ‘creeping Sharia law' around every corner are imagining things. Their fictions only feed extremism."

Rubin responds by stating:

"True enough. Nobody should see anything ‘around every corner.' But saying that the problem is only imaginary and ignoring the real problems is also a fiction that will ‘only feed extremism,' including Islamist extremism, the triumph of the most radical interpretations of Islam, and extremists who want their own societies to decline."

In Scott Stewart's article "Norway: Lessons from a Successful Lone Wolf Attacker" in the Stratfor Global Intelligence he writes that Breivik's manifesto indicates that he was a ‘lone wolf' but also part of a larger organisation that Breivik called the "Pauperes Commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici (PCCTS, also known as the Knights Templar), which seeks to encourage other lone wolves (whom Brevik refers to as ‘Justiciar Knights') and small cells in other parts of Europe to carry out a plan to ‘save' Europe and European culture from destruction."

Stewart writes that given the possibility of other ‘Justiciar Knights' and that Breivik's actions and manifesto could spawn copycats, it is important to examine Brievik's actions in order to detect future ‘lone wolves' before they act.

Stewart writes:

"In spite of the challenges presented by lone wolf operatives, they are vulnerable to detection at several different stages of their attack cycle. One of these vulnerabilities comes during the planning stage when weapons are acquired. From reading Breivik's diary, it is clear that he felt exposed as he tried to purchase the chemicals he needed to build his IED..."
"Breivik also exposed himself to potential detection when he traveled to Prague to attempt to purchase weapons. One of the criminals he contacted could have turned him in to authorities...Even if Breivik had succeeded in purchasing weapons in Prague, he would still have been vulnerable as he smuggled the weapons back into Norway in his car..."


"Breivik also exposed himself to detection as he conducted surveillance on his targets..."


"Finally, Breivik mentions several times in his diary that the steps he was taking would be far more difficult if he were a foreign-born Muslim instead of a Caucasian Norwegian. This underscores a problem we have discussed with profiling suspects based on their ethnicity or nationality. In an environment where potential threats are hard to identify, it is doubly important to profile individuals based on their behavior rather than their ethnicity or nationality - what we refer to as focusing on the ‘how' rather than the ‘who'."

To read Stewart's article click here.



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